Archive for Estar posts

Estar Subjunctive Conjugation

Estar in the Subjunctive, as with the the indicative, is extremely irregular in all tenses. The subjunctive as outlined in previous posts is used a lot more in Spanish than it is in English where it is rarely put to use. All tenses in the subjunctive estar are outlined below.

Estar in the Subjunctive

Present Tense Subjunctive

  • (yo) esté
  • (tú) esté
  • (él/ella/usted) esté
  • (nosotros/as) estemos
  • (vosotros/as) estéis
  • (ellos/ellas/ustedes) estén

Imperfect Tense Subjunctive

  • (yo) estuviera or estuviese
  • (tú) estuvieras or estuvieses
  • (él/ella/usted) estuviera or estuviese
  • (nosotros/as) estuviéramos or estuviésemos
  • (vosotros/as) estuvierais or estuvieseis
  • (ellos/ellas/ustedes) estuvieran or estuviesen

Future Tense Subjunctive

  • (yo) estuviere
  • (tú) estuvieres
  • (él/ella/usted) estuviere
  • (nosotros/as) estuviéremos
  • (vosotros/as) estuviereis
  • (ellos/ellas/ustedes) estuvieren

Other Estar Posts:

Estar Future Tense

Estar Future TenseLearning how to conjugate estar is quite hard on the whole but there are are few exceptions, one of these being the future tense.

The future tense of estar, as well as the imperfect and the progressive tenses, are regular in formation.

In estar future tense as with all other regular -ar verbs in this tense are formed using the infinitive of the verb plus an ending which are shown below.

Although estar future tense is not too difficult to learn the other irregular tenses will be a little more testing, and will take a while to fully master.

Estar Future Tense

  • 1st person singular (yo) estaré I will have
  • 2nd person singular (tú) estarás you will have
  • 3rd person singular (él/ella/usted) estará he/she and you will have
  • 1st person plural (nosotros/as) estaremos we will have
  • 2nd person plural (vosotros/as) estaréis you will have
  • 3rd person plural (ellos/ellas/ustedes) estarán they/you will have

Other Estar Posts:

Estar Preterite Tense

The preterite form of estar is an irregular formation which is important to learn, and learn well, as it will be used frequently right from the start of your studies.

It follows the same irregular pattern as the verb tener, meaning ‘to have‘ which you can check out here.

Estar Preterite Conjugation

  • 1st person singular (yo) estuve I was
  • 2nd person singular (tú) estuviste you were
  • 3rd person singular (él/ella/usted) estuvo he/she was and, you were
  • 1st person plural (nosotros/as) estuvimos we were
  • 2nd person plural (vosotros/as) estuvisteis you were
  • 3rd person plural (ellos/ellas/ustedes) estuvieron they/you were

Estar Conjugation – Bite Sized Information Posts!

Estar Imperfect Tense

Estar ImperfectThe imperfect tense of Estar is relatively straight forward to learn as long as you know how the past tense called the imperfect is formed in the regular conjugation for -ar verbs.

Most tenses for Estar are VERY irregular, unlike the imperfect ESTAR, and mastering them can be quite difficult but this can be made a great deal easier, not to mention far more enjoyable, by simply using a verb training tool like the Verbarrator.

Check out the tab at the top of this page for more information…. but in the meantime…

Estar Imperfect Conjugation

  • 1st person singular (yo) estaba I was being
  • 2nd person singular (tú) estabas you were being
  • 3rd person singular (él/ella/usted) estaba he/she was being and, you were being
  • 1st person plural (nosotros/as) estábamos we were being
  • 2nd person plural (vosotros/as) estabais you were being
  • 3rd person plural (ellos/ellas/ustedes) estaban they/you were being

Estar Posts!

Estar Present Tense

Estar Present TenseEstar present tense conjugation is one of those tenses that is extremely important to know well as it is used not only as a verb in it’s own right but as an auxiliary for every verb in the present progressive tense also.

Unfortunately, there is only one way to master estar present tense and that is with regular practice and plenty of use.

Fortunately, because of the number of times that you will be forced to use the present tense and, on a less frequent basis, the present progressive it is quickly remembered.

Estar Present Tense Conjugation

(Irregular forms are in red.)

  • 1st person singular (yo) estoy I am
  • 2nd person singular (tú) estás you are
  • 3rd person singular (él/ella/usted) está he/she is and, you are
  • 1st person plural (nosotros/as) estamos we are
  • 2nd person plural (vosotros/as) estáís you are
  • 3rd person plural (ellos/ellas/ustedes) están they/you are

Estar Conjugation – Other Information Posts!

The Conjugation of Estar

Mastering estar conjugation is of vital importance right from the start of your studies simply because the Spanish verb estar is used extensively from the off.

The conjugation of Estar is irregular in the present and preterite tenses in the indicative mood and in all of the tenses of the subjunctive so it makes sense to break down all of the conjugations of estar into individual posts each of which will cover a tense or mood.

You will find learning estar conjugation much easier when doing so in smaller bite sized chunks rather than trying to master all the tenses at once and a list to all the respective posts is at the end of this post.

Estar ConjugationEstar is one of two irregular Spanish verbs that mean ‘to be’ and is used when referring to position, location, action, condition and emotion.

A good way to remember this is to remember the word PLACESer, on the other hand, is used when referring to date, occupation, characteristics, time, origin and relation…remember the word DOCTOR!

Estar is also used as an auxiliary verb in the present progressive tense which is also covered in another post listed below.

The one thing that you do need to know before going any further, as it doesn’t really warrant a post all to itself, are the past participle and the Gerund of Estar which are estado and estando respectively, they both follow the regular formation of stem plus -ado and stem plus -ando so shouldn’t be a problem to remember.

Estar Conjugation – Bite Sized Information Posts!

Estar Present Progressive Tense

Estar Present ProgressiveEstar isn’t only used as a stand alone verb, it is also used as an auxiliary verb for every other verb, including itself, when used in the present progressive tense.

For those of you that do not know how the present progressive is formed it is quite simple to explain, simply place the Gerund of a verb after the present tense of the verb estar. The gerund, also known as the present participle, is basically the Spanish version of the ‘-ing’ which we would place on the end of verbs in English to state that we are actually in the process of performing an action.

In Spanish, if you were to say – I am walking – whilst you were actually doing so, you would use the present progressive and say ‘Estoy andando‘. You should always remember that the present progressive should ONLY be used whilst actually performing an action and not to describe an action that has been, or will be performed before or after the present time.

Estar Present Progressive Tense

Used in conjunction with the gerund of hablar the Spanish verb which means ‘to speak‘.

  • estoy hablando I am speaking
  • estás hablando you are speaking
  • está hablando he/she is and, you are speaking
  • estamos hablando we are speaking
  • estáís hablando you are speaking
  • están hablando they/you are speaking

Estar Posts!

What is the Difference Between Ser and Estar in Spanish?

The Difference Between Ser and EstarThere are few verbs in Spanish that are as important as ser; estar, also meaning ‘to be’, tener ‘to have’ and haber, also meaning ‘to have’ , but used extensively as an auxiliary verb in the Perfect tenses, to name but three.

However, it is with the use and conjugation of the Spanish verb ser that most students start. Ser is a difficult verb to start learning as it has many irregular forms in many of it’s tenses, but before looking at these irregularities it would be best to know when ser should be used.

In English we take the the verb ‘to be’ pretty much for granted as most of us learned how to conjugate it at such an early age that many of us probably can’t recall ever learning it, but unlike English, Spanish has two verbs meaning ‘to be’, ser and estar as mentioned previously, and these verbs are both used at different times; here though we shall only concentrate on Ser.

The Spanish verb Ser is used to describe:

  • Identity: Soy Danny – I am Danny
  • Possession: El Coche es de Danny – The car is Danny’s
  • Origin: Mis amigos son de Barcelona – My friends are from Barcelona
  • Nationality: Son ingleses – They are English
  • Occupation: El padre de Melanie es arquitecto – Melanie’s father is an architect
  • Material of which something is made: La casa es de oro – The house is made of gold
  • Inherent Characteristics: Juan es muy corto – Juan is very short
  • Expressions of time: Son las seis – It is six o’clock, Mañana es lunes – Tomorrow is Monday
  • Impersonal Expressions: Es mejor esperar – It is better to wait, Es difícil contestar – It is difficult to answer

If you wanted to express location, whether it is temporary or permanent, then estar would be used, for example:

  • Madrid está en España – Madrid is in Spain
  • Estoy en la cocina – I am in the kitchen.

Estar would also be used when describing temporary states or conditions such as:

  • Estoy enfermo – I am sick

Other than for the two uses above, ser is always used.

Ser is irregular in the following indicative tenses; present, imperfect and preterite as well as having an irregular present and past participle. It is also irregular in the following subjunctive tenses; present, imperfect and future, and finally ser is also irregular in the imperative.

As you can see there is quite a bit of ground to cover when learning the Spanish verb ser, I would advise downloading the free conjugation sheet from this location

However, if you are really struggling then you should check out my verbarrator review, it is a fantastic tool that will benefit you greatly when learning Spanish verb conjugation.