Archive for Other Irregular Spanish Verbs

Poder Conjugation

The Spanish verb PODER means ‘to be able to’ or, ‘can’ in English and is a commonly used verb in everyday Spanish, much the same as it is in English. Poder does cause a few problems however as it is a highly irregular verb which is irregular in all tenses with the exception of the imperfect, this includes the tenses of the subjunctive mood and the imperative.

As there is a lot to learn with poder conjugation it is probably best to start with one tense initially and that is why this post will concentrate on conjugating the present tense of poder. There will be future posts covering each of the other irregular tenses and the intention is to interlink all relevant posts…but all in good time.

Poder Conjugation

Conjugation of Poder Present Tense

PODER is one of many vowel changing verbs, in the case of poder in the present tense the o changes to ue in the second and third person singular and the third person plural. Poder has different irregularities in other tenses, which is what makes it particularly difficult to learn, but it is probably best if you just concentrate on this present tense irregularity to start with.

Singular

yo puedo I can, or am able to
tú puedes you can, or are able to
él/ella puede he/she/it can, or is able to
usted puede you can, or are able to

Plural

nosotros podemos we can, or are able to
vosotros podéis you all can, or are able to
ellos/ellas pueden they all can, or are able to
ustedes pueden you all can, or are able to

That about covers the present tense of poder except to say that the nature of the Spanish verb poder is such that it often functions as an auxiliary verb, meaning that it usually precedes another verb which, in most cases, is the infinitive.

For example: ‘I can go to the cinema’ would translate as ‘Puedo ir al cine’, this is a physical ability, but if you wanted to ask the question ‘Can you drive?’ you would have to use the verb Saber, which means ‘to know’…therefore ‘¿Sabes conducir?’, confusing isn’t it!

Don’t forget to bookmark this post or do a search for any other verbs and tenses you might be having problems with, if you can’t find what you need, post a comment and I’ll do my best to get the relevant information posted!

Venir Conjugation

The Spanish verb VENIR means ‘to come’ in English and is as commonly used in Spanish as it is in English. Venir is a highly irregular Spanish verb which is irregular in the present, preterit, future and conditional tenses and also in all of the subjunctive tenses as well as in the imperative.

For now though we will simply concentrate on how to conjugate venir in the present tense and cover all other tenses in future blog posts that will be posted very soon.

Venir Conjugation

Conjugation of Venir in the Present Tense

VENIR is often referred to as a ‘go’ verb because of the use of go as an ending in the first person singular. Venir is also a vowel changing verb, in this case the e changes to ie in the second and third person singular and the third person plural.

Singular

yo vengo I come
tú vienes you come
él/ella viene he/she/it comes
usted viene you come

Plural

nosotros venimos we come
vosotros venís you all come
ellos/ellas vienen they come
ustedes vienen you all come

Please remember to bookmark this page/site and to keep checking back as I will be adding more and more on a regular basis.

Ver Imperfect Tense

Ver is one of only three verbs that are irregular in the Spanish imperfect tense, the others being ser and ir. Although irregular, ver imperfect tense doesn’t need too much effort to master as it retains all the endings that other -er verbs use but it’s stem, v is extended to include ane’...ve, as shown in the table below.

Ver Imperfect Tense Conjugation

Singular
yo ve-ía I was seeing
ve-ías You were seeing
él, ella, usted ve-ía He/She/You was/were seeing
Plural
nosotros/as ve-íamos We were seeing
vosotros/as ve-íais You were seeing
ellos, ellas, ustedes ve-ían They/You were seeing

How to Conjugate Decir Preterite Tense

DECIR is an irregular stem changing Spanish verb.

The conjugation table below shows Decir preterite conjugation clearly with the stem of Decir, DECchanging to DIJ in all forms.

Decir Preterite Conjugation

Singular
yo dije I came
dijiste You came
él, ella, usted dijo He/She/You came
Plural
nosotros/as dijimos We came
vosotros/as dijisteis You came
ellos, ellas, ustedes dijieron They/You came

Conjugation of Venir Preterite Tense

VENIR which means ‘to come‘ in Spanish is a highly irregular verb in every tense, with the exception of the imperfect.

Venir preterite conjugation is what is known as a stem changing irregular verb as are so many other verbs that are irregular in the preterite.

In Venir’s case the stem is ‘VEN’, in the preterite tense however this stem changes to ‘VIN’ and this is shown clearly in the table below.

Venir Preterite Conjugation

Singular
yo vine I came
viniste You came
él, ella, usted vino He/She/You came
Plural
nosotros/as vinimos We came
vosotros/as vinisteis You came
ellos, ellas, ustedes vinieron They/You came

Saber Preterite Tense Conjugation

The Spanish verb Saber meaning ‘to know‘ is irregular in all but the imperfect tense.

Saber preterite conjugation is, like so many other irregular verbs in the preterite, a stem changing conjugation. Saber’s stem of ‘sab’ changes to ‘sup’ as highlighted in the table below.

Saber Preterite Conjugation

Singular
yo supe I knew
supiste You knew
él, ella, usted supo He/She/You knew
Plural
nosotros/as supimos We knew
vosotros/as supisteis You knew
ellos, ellas, ustedes supieron They/You knew

Querer Preterite Tense Conjugation

The Spanish verb Querer meaning ‘to want‘ is frequently used and is also irregular in all but the imperfect tense. Querer preterite conjugation is a stem changing irregular tense as the stem of querer changes from ‘quer’ to ‘quis’ as detailed in the table below.

Querer Preterite Conjugation

Singular
yo quise I wanted
quisiste You wanted
él, ella, usted quiso He/She/You wanted
Plural
nosotros/as quisimos We wanted
vosotros/as quisisteis You wanted
ellos, ellas, ustedes quisieron They/You wanted

Poner Preterite Tense

The Spanish verb Poner meaning ‘to put’ is yet another frequently used Spanish verb that is extremely irregular.

Poner preterite tense conjugation is quite different in its irregularity compared to the other indicative tenses as the stem ‘pon’ changes to ‘pus’ as shown in the table below.

Poner Preterite Tense Conjugation

Singular
yo puse I put
pusiste You put
él, ella, usted puso He/She/You put
Plural
nosotros/as pusimos We put
vosotros/as pusisteis You put
ellos, ellas, ustedes pusieron They/You put

Conjugating Poder Preterite Tense

Poder, the Spanish verb meaning ‘to be able to’ or ‘can’, is a highly irregular verb that is used frequently and is therefore important to know, poder preterite is no exception and the conjugation is covered below.

Before going over the conjugation of poder preterite you would be wise to read about a verb training program that will not only help you learn verb conjugation better but will help you do so much quicker too, just follow this link to learn more about the Verbarrator!

Poder in the Preterite Tense

Singular
yo pude I was able to
pudiste You were able to
él, ella, usted pudo He/She/You was/were able to
Plural
nosotros/as pudimos We were able to
vosotros/as pudisteis You were able to
ellos, ellas, ustedes pudieron They/You were able to

How to Conjugate Dar Preterite Tense

Learning how to conjugate dar preterite tense can be difficult due to the fact that it is highly irregular but here is a table showing its different forms.

Dar in the Preterite Form

Singular
yo di I gave
diste You gave
él, ella, usted dio He/She/You gave
Plural
nosotros/as dimos We gave
vosotros/as disteis You gave
ellos, ellas, ustedes dieron They/You gave

Hacer Future Tense

Hacer future tense is irregular and as such will require special attention when being studied. Hacer in the future, although irregular does still use the same endings as regular –er verbs in the future tense. The irregularity occurs within the stem of the verb where ‘hac’ is replaced by ‘har’. This irregularity in the future tense of hacer is highlighted in bold red in the conjugation table below.

Learning irregular Spanish conjugations, such as hacer in the future tense can be achieved a lot quicker and better with the use of a good verb training software program. There is one that I would like to suggest as it was, and still is, an invaluable aid to me when I am studying Spanish verbs and I advise you to check out this review of it to see for yourself.

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The Future Tense of Hacer

Singular
yo haré I will do/make
harás You will do/make
él, ella, usted hará He/She/You will do/make
Plural
nosotros/as haremos We will do/make
vosotros/as haréis You will do/make
ellos, ellas, ustedes harán They/You will do/make

Here are links to other posts about conjugating hacer:

Hacer Conjugation – Learning the Conjugation of Hacer in Spanish

Hacer Conjugation is not easy to learn as it is a highly irregular Spanish verb, in fact the conjugation of hacer involves irregularities in all but one tense, the imperfect and not only will you need to master the conjugations of hacer but you will also need to know all the expressions that are commonly used in Spanish that use hacer too.

There is a lot to take on board and that is why I have broken all of the conjugations of hacer down into more manageable bite sized chunks which are linked to at the end of this post.

One way to make learning hacer conjugation easier and a lot more enjoyable is to use an interactive verb training program. I use the word ‘enjoyable’ with great emphasis because learning verb conjugation isn’t the most exciting of tasks, in fact it is extremely time consuming and tedious and is often the reason why so many students quit learning Spanish, so enjoying study is vital in order to be as successful as possible.

One such program is the ‘Verbarrator’ and I highly recommend it’s use for not only learning hacer conjugation but all Spanish verbs as it has been a great help to me personally.

Here are the links to the bite sized posts that will help you with learning hacer conjugation:

Hacer Past Participle and Hacer Present Perfect Tense

Normally, the past participle is formed by using the stem of the verb and adding ‘-ado’ for those verbs ending in –ar and ‘-ido’ for those that end in –er or –ir.

However, some verbs are irregular and hacer past participle is one such example.

The past participle for hacer is ‘Hecho’, this is important to know as the past participle is used in all the perfect tenses, both indicative and subjunctive.

The most commonly used of the perfect tenses is the present perfect. Hacer present perfect uses the present tense of the irregular verb ‘haber’, meaning to have, as the prefix followed by hacer past participle and this is shown in the table below.

Hacer Present Perfect

Singular
yo he hecho I have done/made
has hecho You have done/made
él, ella, usted ha hecho He/She/You have done/made
Plural
nosotros/as hemos hecho We have done/made
vosotros/as habéis hecho You have done/made
ellos, ellas, ustedes han hecho They/You have done/made

Here are some bite sized posts that will help you to learn hacer conjugation:

Conjugation of Hacer in the Subjunctive Tenses

All tenses of Hacer in the Subjunctive are irregular and will therefore need a lot of studying in order to memorize them.

Thankfully, in all hacer subjunctive tenses it is not the endings that are irregular, as they follow the pattern of regular -er verbs in the subjunctive, but the stem of the actual verb.

In hacer present subjunctive the stem changes from ‘hac-‘ to ‘hag-‘ and in the subjunctive imperfect and future it changes to ‘hic- and all these changes are highlighted in bold red below.

Learning Spanish verb conjugations, such as those encountered with the highly irregular verb hacer is very difficult, especially when you consider that hacer is only one of many irregular verbs in Spanish that are used on a daily basis. That is why a good verb training software program is essential when it comes to mastering Spanish verbs as quickly and as thoroughly as possible.

I have only ever used one such program that has been of true benefit to me and my advice would be to check it out.  Verbarrator  Just click on the link and take a few minutes to check it out

Hacer Subjunctive

Present Subjunctive of Hacer

Singular
yo haga I do/make
hagas You do/make
él, ella, usted haga He/She does/makes and You do/make
Plural
nosotros/as hagamos We do/make
vosotros/as hagáis You do/make
ellos, ellas, ustedes hagan They/You do/make

Imperfect Subjunctive of Hacer

Singular
yo hiciera or hiciese I was doing/making
hicieras or hicieses You were doing/making
él, ella, usted hiciera or hiciese He/She was/You were, doing/making
Plural
nosotros/as hiciéramos or hiciésemos We were doing/making
vosotros/as hicierais or hicieseis You were doing/making
ellos, ellas, ustedes hicieran or hiciesen They/You were doing/making

Future Subjunctive of Hacer

Singular
yo hiciere I do/make
hicieres You do/make
él, ella, usted hiciere He/She does/makes and You do/make
Plural
nosotros/as hiciéremos We do/make
vosotros/as hiciereis You do/make
ellos, ellas, ustedes hicieren They/You do/make

Here are some links to posts that will help you learn hacer conjugation:

Hacer Present Tense

In the most part the Spanish verb hacer present tense is quite regular in its formation. Hacer present tense is, apart from the imperfect tense, the least irregular of the different tenses because hacer in it’s yo form is the only conjugation that differs from how regular present tense –er verbs are conjugated as shown in the table below.

However, before checking the present tense of hacer conjugation table below, you should consider the other, more difficult, tenses of this commonly used verb, and how you will master them. Although this may sound like a blatant promotion you should read this verb training software review.

This software was, and still is, an essential tool when learning Spanish verbs, it certainly helped me to master Spanish verbs much more quickly than I was prior to obtaining a copy. In fact, it was so successful in helping me that I now run my own website/blog (this one if you hadn’t guessed!) , which is completely dedicated to learning Spanish verbs!

The Present Tense Form of Hacer

The present tense of hacer is formed by taking the stem of the verb, which is hac- and adding the regular endings for present tense -er verbs, apart from hacer yo form, which is commonly referred to a a ‘go’ conjugation, because it ends in…yes you’ve guessed it…‘go’, but it also drops the ‘c’ from the end of the stem.

All endings are highlighted in red and the irregular yo ending is also in bold.

Singular
yo hago I do/make
haces You do/make
él, ella, usted hace He/She does/makes, and You do/make
Plural
nosotros/as hacemos We do/make
vosotros/as hacéis You do/make
ellos, ellas, ustedes hacen They/You do/make

Here are the links to the bite sized posts that will help you with learning hacer conjugation: