The Spanish imperfect tense is probably one of the easier tenses to learn due to the fact that there are only three verbs that are irregular in the imperfect tense and they are ser, ir and ver but before covering how the Spanish imperfect is conjugated lets first look at when we should use this frequently used past tense.
The Spanish imperfect tense refers to an action that happened in the past that is:
1. Indefinite: that is to say it has no definite start or end date.
2. Is a continuous or repeated action
3. Happened over a period of time
4. Began in the past but has continued into the present
Spanish Imperfect Tense Verb Endings
As well as only having three irregular conjugations to learn there are only two sets of endings as -er and -ir verbs both share the same endings. The Spanish imperfect is formed using the stem of the verb and the respective imperfect ending.
Hablar – to speak: Regular Conjugation of an -ar verb in the Spanish Imperfect Tense
|yo||habl-aba||I was talking|
|tú||habl-abas||You were talking|
|él, ella, usted||habl-aba||He/She/You was/were talking|
|nosotros/as||habl-ábamos||We were talking|
|vosotros/as||habl-abais||You were talking|
|ellos, ellas, ustedes||habl-aban||They/You were talking|
Comer – to eat: Regular Conjugation of an -er verb in the Spanish Imperfect Tense
Please note that the same endings are used for verbs ending in -ir.
|yo||com-ía||I was eating|
|tú||com-ías||You were eating|
|él, ella, usted||com-ía||He/She/You was/were eating|
|nosotros/as||com-íamos||We were eating|
|vosotros/as||com-íais||You were eating|
|ellos, ellas, ustedes||com-ían||They/You were eating|