Archive for Subjunctive Spanish Conjugation

Subjunctive Spanish Conjugation

Learning Subjunctive Spanish Conjugation is no different to learning the conjugation of verbs and tenses in the indicative, the difficulty is in knowing when you should use the subjunctive in Spanish, as it is rarely used by English speakers and is therefore often understood.

Below are tables containing all the regular subjunctive Spanish conjugation for the three different verb groups.

Please note that this post and the information in it deal only with REGULAR verbs, there are many irregular verbs in the subjunctive which are either dealt with in other posts or will be in the not too distant future.

For the following conjugations the regular Spanish verbs hablar (to speak), abrir (to open) and beber (to drink) will be used.

Present Subjunctive (Presente Subjunctivo)
Hablar Abrir Beber
yo hable abra beba
hables abras bebas
él/ella/usted hable abra beba
nosotros hablemos abramos bebamos
vosotros habléis abráis bebáis
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablen abran beban

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Imperfect Subjunctive (Imperfecto Subjunctivo)

* The imperfect subjunctive has two different sets of endings, the first are those that use –ra and it those that should be normally used. The other set of endings use –se, these are generally used within literature

Hablar Abrir Beber
yo hablara/ase abriera/ese bebera/ese
hablaras/ases abrieras/eses beberas/eses
él/ella/usted hablara/ase abriera/ese bebera/ese
nosotros habláramos/ásemos abriéramos/esemos bebéramos/esemos
vosotros hablarais/aseis abrierais/eseis beberais/eseis
ellos/ellas/ustedes bablaran/asen abrieran/esen beberan/esen

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Future Subjunctive (Futuro Subjunctivo)
Hablar Abrir Beber
yo hable abriere bebere
hables abrieres beberes
él/ella/usted hable abriere bebere
nosotros hablemos abriéremos bebéremos
vosotros habléis abriereis bebereis
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablen abrieren beberen

The Subjunctive Spanish conjugation of the present perfect, pluperfect and future perfect are all formed using the past participle of the verb being conjugated as they are in the indicative.

However, the preceding auxiliary verb haber does change as it uses the subjunctive variants of the same tense instead of the indicative:

Example
Indicative: he bebado I have drank
Subjunctive: haya bebado I have drank

he’ being the present tense of haber in the indicative and ‘haya’ the present tense of haber in the subjunctive.